R.N. Vashisht, Kewal Krishan* and Charandeep Kaur
Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh - 160 014
A cross-sectional data was collected on randomly selected 282 school going rural girls of Ropar ranging between 5 to 10 years of age. Eleven anthropometric measurements were taken on each subject. Results indicate that rural Ropar girls show better performance in growth patterns at 5 and 6 years of age in comparison to other rural Punjab girls and urban Indian girls. However, on the contrary, the girls aging between 7 to 10 years from other rural Punjab and urban India showed better performance in growth status. It has also been observed that American and well nourished Indian girls show higher values for all the anthropometric parameters than those of rural Ropar girls. The rural Ropar girls are found to be superior in their growth status as compared to the general rural Indian girls at all ages. To assess nutritional status of the rural Ropar girls, weight deficit for age, height deficit for age and upper arm circumference deficit for age have been calculated using NCHS standards and the results indicate that the Grade I and Grade II malnutrition were prevalent among the rural Ropar girls, though, the percentage of severely malnourished girls was insignificant.
Key words: Anthropometry, nutritional status, physical growth, rural Ropar girls.