A.K. Prasad, Naval Kishore* and Naresh Tuli
Centre of Advanced Study in Geology, Panjab University, Chandigarh -160 014
*Corresponding author: naval_geochron lycos.com
Perceptible degradation in surface water quality has exacerbated salinity, sodicity, bicarbonate and alkalinity hazards from the discharge (BEI, +ve) to recharge (BEI, -ve) regime in Kalka-Kharar belt. Maximum impact on the irrigational water quality is noticed in the ponds, nalas, effluent drainage, low-flowing (clogged) canals/rivers and dug wells. Appreciable effects on groundwater quality is also found in the phreatic aquifer zone of the downstream tube wells. Loss in permeability, nature of ephemeral-influent rivers, imbalance in input-output of water in soils, uncontrolled seepages etc. could explain the phenomena in this Kandi belt.
Key words: Pollution, pheratic aquifer zone, Kandi belt.