Department of University Centre of Instrumentation and Microelectronics, Panjab University, Chandigarh - 160 014
This paper gives an insight into a modern biotechnology technique Genetic modification in the crop production, covering various aspects including the potential use of the technology over the past twenty years in the areas of agricultural biotechnology. This technology would likely to be at the forefront in solving the problems of food, feed and hunger of developing countries like India. A critical analysis has been done to differentiate between the benefits of this technology mainly in the reduction in use of pesticides and potential risks of the release of foreign genes into the soil thereby altering the soil micro flora. In the end, the efforts made by the Indian government in promoting this technology have been given.
Key words: Genetic modification, Gene transfer, Bt Cotton, Pests, Phytoremediation.